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Cultural side of the Baloch

The Baloch culture day celebrated on March 2 draws praise as well as criticism

Cultural side of the Baloch

Baloch culture day was celebrated on March 2 with nationalistic zeal once again. The Baloch living all over Pakistan celebrated the Baloch culture. Men, women and children dressed in traditional Balochi attire attended programmes to celebrate the Baloch culture day all over Balochistan and also in Karachi, D.G Khan and other parts of the country. It was a manifestation of the culture of the Baloch who are otherwise marginalised and a centre of conflict in the federal structure of Pakistan.

The genesis of the culture day can be traced back to late 2009 when the controversial TV anchor Dr Shahid Masood criticised former President Asif Zardari for sporting Sindhi cap and Ajrak. In reaction to the inflammatory statements of Dr Shahid Masood, Sindhi culture day was celebrated on December 6, 2009. Taking inspiration from this, the management of Balochi-language TV channel, Vsh News, announced to celebrate the culture day for the first time on March 2, 2010.

Dr Shah Muhammad Marri, a cultural critic and author, believes the day has been popularised by the middle class Baloch youth, which is depressed. “Baloch culture day should be appreciated because it keeps the youth away from vices, such as drugs and violence.”

It was a period when conflict in Balochistan was at its peak and it also affected the culture day celebrations. The Baloch students in Engineering University in Khuzdar, who were celebrating the culture day, were attacked with three hand grenades. Two students died and nine were injured in that attack. Perpetrators of the attack were never apprehended but it provided a new enthusiasm to celebrate the day every year.

For the last few years, there is a debate on whether it’s worthwhile to celebrate this day. One group opposes the culture day celebrations while the other considers it as a blessing in disguise for the culture of otherwise deprived Baloch people.

“The idea to celebrate the Baloch culture day was envisaged at a time when the Baloch culture was under attack from all corners and it was being distorted,” Iqbal Baloch, Director Vsh News tells TNS. “Baloch are very conscious about their identity and culture and that’s why the idea put forward by us [Vsh News] became popular.” Commenting on the impact of the culture day over the last 8 years, Iqbal Baloch claims that this day has helped a lot in reviving the Baloch culture.

Dr Shah Muhammad Marri, a cultural critic and author, believes the day has been popularised by the middle class Baloch youth, which is depressed. “Baloch culture day should be appreciated because it keeps the youth away from vices, such as drugs and violence,” he tells TNS. Answering a question if what happens on Baloch culture day is a true depiction of Balochistan culture, Marri says it’s just a day of celebration and recreation and it does not represent the day-to-day life of a normal Baloch.

Dr Marri, who has authored dozens of books on Balochistan, highlighted the fact that there is limited participation of women folk in the culture day activities which is a big problem. “The Baloch need an inclusive culture where women are given equal chances and this should reflect in the celebrations as well.”

Conversely, there are people who oppose celebration of the culture day on different grounds. “Baloch culture is misrepresented in Baloch culture day events,” says Zahir Mengal who teaches Political Science at the University of Balochistan. He is of the view that celebrations of the culture day might help in promoting Baloch culture but it also distracts people from genuine issues like socio-economic deprivations.

Likewise, Dr Hafeez Jamali, a social anthropologist currently affiliated with Habib University Karachi, doesn’t appreciate the way Baloch culture day is celebrated. “Celebrating culture day on any particular day is wrong.” He believes that just celebrating culture day for the sake of having fun is nothing more than an “empty gesture”. “However, if Baloch culture and society is critically evaluated on this day through informed debates in conferences and seminars then there is no reason to oppose the culture day.”

Given the level of polarisation in the Baloch society, it’s least likely that Baloch intellectuals will ever agree on anything let alone a delicate topic like an annual culture day. However, what is important is that this day has triggered a debate about the Baloch culture and its survival and continuation which is beneficial.

In the past, celebration of Baloch culture day was always a private affair. Citizens took it upon themselves to arrange events to celebrate the day. However, for the last two years, the government is patronising the culture day. The government sponsored events to celebrate the culture day all over the province. Again, this attracted praise as well as criticism.

Patronage by the government can promote and protect the Baloch culture, believe the supporters. Critics view the government-sponsored culture day celebrations with skepticism. They believe the government wants to hijack the culture day events for its own projection and it has little interest in the Baloch culture itself.

Although the government and Baloch people celebrated the culture day enthusiastically, Baloch nationalist parties were missing from the scene. Apart from token representation, there was no participation from them to celebrate the culture day. It’s an irony that political parties that base their politics on Baloch nationalism do not even have their organised culture wings.

People will celebrate the culture day in future since it has become favourite among people. What is needed is that the government should use this event to promote and protect Baloch culture rather than using it merely for political projection.

Dr Marri also believes that the Culture Department of the Balochistan government and Baloch cultural organisations should organise the culture day and provide it with the much-needed direction. This can make celebration of the culture day a meaningful activity for years to come.

Adnan Aamir

adnan amir
The writer is a freelance journalist and columnist based in Quetta, and Editor of Balochistan Voices, an online newspaper. He can be reached at [email protected] or @iAdnanAamir.

One comment

  • Iqbal Baloch must be lauded for encouraging the Baloch to celebrate the Baloch Culture Day. But Zahir Baloch, the Political Science professor quoted in this article, is right when he insists that these celebrations distract people from the actual socio-economic issues. Iqbal Baloch is heading a business in Gwadar, planning to build a gymkhana in Gwadar besides his own real estate businesses. (He foresees himself as the Baloch Malik Riaz once the Gwadar project takes off). This clearly seems like a conflict of interest and gives people legitimate reasons to question Iqbal’s motivations. As the photo published with this article (look at the men in the uniform) indicates, that the Pakistan army is promoting the Baloch culture day (if not entirely but mostly) to promote a “Pakistani Baloch” identity. So, this is very tricky. This cultural day will soon become a controversial political issue if its main organizers do not distance themselves from the Pakistani establishment and the army.

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